Welcome to Benefit Design Services’ comprehensive guide to navigating the Medicare enrollment process. Understanding Medicare can be challenging, but with the right information, it doesn’t have to be. Whether you’re enrolling for the first time or considering a change during the annual enrollment period, this step-by-step guide will help simplify the process.

Understanding Medicare Basics:

Before diving into the enrollment process, it’s crucial to understand the basics of Medicare. Medicare is a federal health insurance program primarily for people aged 65 or older, though it also covers certain younger people with disabilities or specific medical conditions. Medicare is divided into four parts:

  • Part A (Hospital Insurance): Covers inpatient hospital stays, care in a skilled nursing facility, hospice care, and some home health care.
  • Part B (Medical Insurance): Covers certain doctors’ services, outpatient care, medical supplies, and preventive services.
  • Part C (Medicare Advantage Plans): An alternative to Original Medicare, these plans are offered by private companies approved by Medicare.
  • Part D (Prescription Drug Coverage): Adds prescription drug coverage to Original Medicare, some Medicare Cost Plans, some Medicare Private-Fee-for-Service Plans, and Medicare Medical Savings Account Plans.

Step 1: Determine Your Eligibility:

The first step in enrolling in Medicare is determining your eligibility. Generally, if you are 65 or older, you are eligible for Medicare. You can also qualify under 65 if you have a disability or End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD).

Step 2: Understand Your Enrollment Periods:

There are specific enrollment periods for ORIGINAL Medicare (Part A and Part B):

  • Initial Enrollment Period (IEP): A 7-month period that starts 3 months before you turn 65, includes the month you turn 65, and ends 3 months after that month.
  • General Enrollment Period: From January 1 to March 31 each year, if you missed your IEP, although you will potentially have to wait for the benefits to be effective
  • Special Enrollment Periods (SEPs): Certain life events, like moving or losing other insurance, may qualify you for a SEP.

Step 3: Choose Between Original Medicare and Medicare Advantage:

Decide whether you want Original Medicare (Part A and Part B) with a Medicare Supplement plan or a Medicare Advantage Plan (Part C). Consider factors like your health needs, budget, and whether your preferred doctors and hospitals are in-network for Medicare Advantage Plans.

Step 4: Decide if You Need Additional Coverage:

If you choose Original Medicare, you might want to get a Medicare Supplement Insurance (Medigap) policy to cover costs not covered by Original Medicare. If you go with a Medicare Advantage Plan, check if it includes prescription drug coverage. If not, you might want to join a Medicare Prescription Drug Plan (Part D).

Step 5: Enroll in Medicare:

You can enroll in Medicare during your Initial Enrollment Period or the General Enrollment Period. Enrollment can be done online at the Social Security website, by visiting your local Social Security office, or over the phone.


Navigating Medicare enrollment can be straightforward with the right information and planning. Benefit Design Services is here to assist you through every step of this process. Remember to evaluate your health care needs annually, as your health and plan options may change.

For personalized assistance and more information, contact Benefit Design Services. We’re committed to helping you make informed decisions about your Medicare coverage.